The Levant
511
,000 Syrian Deaths
The brutal civil war has so far killed over 511,000 Syrians, leaving President Assad’s troops in control of only a small part of the country, with the remainder controlled by the Kurds, the Nusra Front, the Druze, Hezbollah and the Da'ish, also known as Islamic State.

Due to the conflict, over 14 MILLION of Syria’s normal population of around 22 million, have been forced to flee their homes. Millions have fled across the borders of Syria into neighbouring countries. The refugees are now living in three main areas - those parts of The Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan with easy land access to the most populated areas of Syria.

Syrian conflict continues

The Syrian conflict has now entered its seventh year but  and the number of people fleeing the war zone is still rising.The total number of displaced Syrians (i.e. refugees) is now in excess of 14 million.

The Levant is the region of the Middle East along the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Egypt to the South, Iraq in the east and, geographically, the Levant also includes Cyprus.

The region has been fought over for thousands of years and its civilisations go back around 50,000 years. Most of the battles of the ancient civilisations referred to in the Bible took place here. The Romans ruled the Levant for many years and built most of the cities still thriving today.

Growth of Islam
Islam grew from around 700AD and by 1300 the Ottoman Empire was in firm control of the entire Middle East. After WWI, the Allies partitioned the Levant region into several new countries, such as Syria, Lebanon and later, Israel.

History of the Levant

The Levant has become a hotbed of fighting for over 50 years. While most Muslim nations had an ‘Arab Spring’ around 2010 which saw many Arab regimes toppled, the Syrian Government has retained control, at least over part of its territory. There are approximately 17 different religions established in Syria, while some factions are violently opposed to peaceful co-existence with others of any other faith.
Syria flag, contained in map of the country

“This is the biggest refugee population from a single conflict in a generation.”
     UN high Commissioner for Refugees, António Guterres  

The War over Syria

Syria  explained in half an hour !










This 28 minute overview of Syrian crisis,
describes how Middle East states began.
Refugee Numbers , fleeing from the Syrian crisis
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511
,000 Syrian Deaths

The brutal civil war has so far killed over 511,000 Syrians, leaving President Assad’s troops in control of only a small part of the country, with the remainder controlled by the Kurds, the Nusra Front, the Druze, Hezbollah and the Da'ish, also known as Islamic State.

Due to the conflict, over 14 MILLION of Syria’s normal population of around 22 million, have been forced to flee their homes. Millions have fled across the borders of Syria into neighbouring countries. The refugees are now living in three main areas - those parts of The Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan with easy land access to the most populated areas of Syria.


Syrian conflict continues


The Syrian conflict has now entered its seventh year but  and the number of people fleeing the war zone is still rising, although with recent peace initiatives by Russia and Iran, this is expected to staboilse shortly. The total number of displaced Syrians (i.e. refugees) is however, now in excess of 14 million.

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iPlayer link to Syria programme